Objectives

Going on with the publication of the Athonite documentary treasure will contribute decisively to the knowledge of the relations between the Romanian Principalities and Mount Athos and it will introduce new information in the scientific circuit. This will lead to a better understanding of the Romanian mediaeval and modern history, as well as to the relations between the Romanian Principalities and all the peoples in the Orthodox world. This way, a bridge will be built between the Romanian and the universal historiography dedicated to this issue. Through a methodical research and the publication of the documentary funds within the archives of the monasteries on Mount Athos, there will be an almost complete image regarding this aspect of the Romanian history – the patronage on Mount Athos. The project objectives are the following:

1 The publication of two volumes of documents within the archive of the Simonopetra Monastery. The archive of the Simonopetra Monastery comprises approximately 1,000 documents (in Slavic, Romanian, Greek and Russian), dating since the 15th–19th century, never before used in the Romanian and European historiography. The first volume of documents will comprise the acts in Slavic (around 250), which we will publish integrally (Slavic text, Romanian translation, and abstract in an international language), following the model used for the collection Documenta Romaniae Historica. The second volume will comprise the extended abstracts of the documents in Romanian, Greek, and Russian), which we will publish following the pattern provided by the catalogues of documents within the Romanian National Archives. The introductory study of this volume will comprise the history of the relations between the Romanian Principalities and the Simonopetra Monastery, as well as a list of the documents, translated into an international language. The study of these documents will bring new and important information for the general history of Romanians and for certain particular aspects, such as the history of the Church (ecclesiastic institutions, monasteries, churches, and hierarchs of the Church) and the urban history (mostly the history of big cities: Bucharest, Iaşi, Târgovişte, Craiova, etc.). Among the particular aspects, we also mention the social history (monks, boyars, villagers, and the rapports between these social categories) and local history (historical evolution of certain towns and villages in Walachia). At the same time, by publishing this documentary, treasure, there will be more knowledge on the history of the Simonopetra Monastery – one of the most impressive monasteries on Mount Athos – and on the relations between this monastery and the Romanian Principalities, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Russia, insufficiently known so far (Simonopetra. Mount Athos, ETBA, 1991). There will also be more knowledge on the situation of this monastery and of the Orthodox Church under Turkish domination (Theodore H. Papadopoullos, Studies and Documents Relating to the History of the Greek Church and People under Turkish Domination, Second Edition, Variorum, 1990; Josef Kabrda, Le système fiscal de l’église orthodoxe dans l’Empire ottoman, d’après les documents turcs, Brno, 1969).

2 The elaboration of a volume of studies on the relations between the Romanian Principalities and Mount Athos (published in international languages). This volume of studies aims to be a review of the research on the relations between the Romanians and Mount Athos, post 1986 – when P. Ş. Năsturel’s monograph was published – until present. It also aims to open the way for future research possibilities. The researchers within the research team of this project and other researchers in Romania and abroad – with scientific preoccupations in the field – will participate to this volume.

These objectives are related directly to the research theme of the project leader; he has been working on it successfully for the past few years. The project leader has developed another project in the interval 2006–2008, entitled Relationships between the Romanian Principalities and the Eastern Churches (Mount Athos, Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece). It led to the publication of an author volume From Iasi to Mount Athos. Ecclesiastic History Studies and Documents, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University Publishing House, Iaşi, 2008, 302 pp.), to editing a volume of studies Contributions Regarding the History of the Relations between the Romanian Principalities and the Eastern Churches in the 14th–19th Century, “Al. I. Cuza” University Publishing House, Iaşi, 2009, 448 pp.), and to publishing a catalogue of documents Romanian Documents in the Archive of the Xeropotamou Monastery on Mount Athos. Catalogue, vol. I, “Al. I. Cuza” University Publishing House, Iaşi, 484 p., in collaboration with Florin Marinescu and I. Caproşu). In the following years, Petronel Zahariuc coordinated another project, entitled Romanian History in the Athonite Archives. This project had as outcome two volumes of documents: Romanian Documents in the archive of the Xenophon Monastery on Mount Athos, “Al. I. Cuza” University Publishing House, 2010, 377 p. (in collaboration with Florin Marinescu), and Romanian Documents in the Archive of the Xeropotamou Monastery on Mount Athos. Catalogue, vol. II, “Al. I. Cuza” University Publishing House, Iaşi, 2011, 386 p. (in collaboration with Florin Marinescu and I. Caproşu). Moreover, both the project leader (see the list of scientific publications) and other members of the research teams that he has coordinated have published several studies in specialized journals and collective volumes.